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Gramática Inglés causatives permissives




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TEORÍA

Gramática Inglés causatives permissives

USO: Para describir cuando una persona permite, pide, obliga o sugiere que otra persona realice una acción.

EJEMPLOS:

'My dad never let me drive the motorbike when I was younger. He had my sister drive me everywhere.'
'The motorbike's dirty; I must get it washed. Dave! I want you to wash the motorbike.'
'Get Jan to do it!'


ACTIVE CAUSATIVES AND PERMISSIVES

USO: Para describir cuando una persona permite que otra persona realice una acción (LET) o cuando una persona obliga o persuade a otra persona a realizar una acción (HAVE, MAKE o GET).

FORMA: Generalmente se usan los siguientes verbos en Causativos Activos (en todas las formas incluyendo Modales):
LET, HAVE, MAKE, GET
(También PAY, BRIBE, PERSUADE, FORCE, OBLIGE, ASK, BEG y EXPECT.)


AFIRMATIVO

[SUJETO + LET, HAVE, MAKE + OBJETO + VERBO (base) ...]

EJEMPLOS:

'I'll have her clean the dishes.'
'You're making him get nervous.'
'She lets them do what they want.'

[Sujeto + GET + objeto + INFINITIVO ...]

EJEMPLOS:

'We'll get him to do it for tomorrow.'
'He got her to clean the car.


NEGATIVO Y PREGUNTAS

Podemos usar LET, HAVE, MAKE y GET en sus formas negativas e interrogativas normales:

EJEMPLOS:

'She didn't let me go home when I wanted.'
'We are not having our car painted this year.'
'"She couldn't get her to wash the pots.'

'When will she let me use the shower?'
'Can't we get her to do it?'
'Where are we getting her to take us tomorrow?'


PASSIVE CAUSATIVES AND PERMISSIVES

USO: La forma pasiva se usa con los Causativos como con los demás verbos para poner énfasis en el receptor de la acción. La usamos cuando queremos que se haga algo a alguien o a algo.

FORMA: Generalmente usamos los siguientes verbos en CAUSATIVOS PASIVOS:

WANT
WOULD LIKE/'D LIKE
(más formal que WANT)
HAVE
GET (menos formal que HAVE)

El verbo que expresa la acción esta en la forma del Participio Pasado.

Si queremos mencionar el AGENTE (la persona que realiza la acción), usamos la preposicion BY despues del verbo.

Nota: WANT normalmente no asume la forma del Perfecto o del Progresivo.


AFIRMATIVO

[Sujeto + CAUSATIVO + Objeto + PARTICIPIO PASADO]

EJEMPLOS:

'I want the car cleaned!'
'You're getting your house furnished by the best designer in the city!'


NEGATIVO Y PREGUNTAS

Podemos usar WANT, WOULD LIKE, HAVE y GET en sus formas negativas e interrogativas normales:

EJEMPLOS:

'I don't want the car painted pink!'
'I won't have my legs waxed tomorrow.'
'He didn't get the homework done yesterday.'

'Did he want that email sent?'
'When do you want the trip to be arranged?'
'How would you like your salad, sir?'

Gramática Inglés CAUSATIVES PERMISSIVES - TEST (Inglés Ejercicios Gratis)

Test de Gramática Inglés causatives permissives


1. How did Jessica --------- result? She got extra classes.

  • get that
  • got that
  • have that

2. I'd like the letter ----- to my home address. Is that possible?

  • sent
  • will send
  • sending

3. That meal ----- delicious. Who cooked it?

  • is
  • was
  • will be

4. ----- you like me to explain my answer in front of the class? It will be easier that way.

  • Would
  • Should
  • Can

5. It's not fair. Why ------ I ever go out on school nights?

  • can't
  • can
  • will

6. I'd like ------ my dinner at 6. Can you have it ready by then?

  • have
  • having
  • to have

7. Will you be back by 8? ------- mind your sister.

  • You have to
  • Have you to
  • Having to

8. How come you were able to leave so early? Well, ----- a dentist appointment.

  • I have
  • I had
  • having

9. Can you ----- her call me as soon as possible, it is very important.

  • have
  • having
  • to have

10. Could she not just work on a Saturday? It's too much work ----- 3 days a week.

  • doing
  • did
  • will do

Score =

Correct answers:

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